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the Canadian military history encyclopedia

Current events

  • PPCLI crest
    Soldiers will take part in Exercise ARCTIC RAM 2016. Troops from the 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry will parachute into Resolute Bay on Feb. 11.
  • Vice Admiral Mark Norman is selected to become the next Vice Chief of the Defence Staff.
  • Approximately 200 Canadian Army soldiers from 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (5 CMBG) will be deployed to Ukraine for Operation UNIFIER.
  • RCR crest
    Renowned hockey player Dave Keon, who served in the Canadian Army during World War 2, is inducted into the Toronto Maple Leafs' "Legends Row."
  • The Governor General's Foot Guards Band will be performing at St. Paul's United Church in Perth, Ontario on Saturday February 6 at 7:30 p.m.
  • PPCLI crest
    Primary Reserve soldiers from the The King's Own Calgary Regiment take part in a virtual, simulated combat exercise aimed at how to plan military operations, and how to coordinate those operations.

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War Journal
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Defeating the Americans:
"The 26th has been a glorious day for me and those of my troops engaged. The American army commanded by Gen'l Hampton and another general has been repulsed by a little band — all Canadian — and yesterday that army commenced its retreat."

Source: The Fighting Canadians, retelling an American retreat in the War of 1812.

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Featured article

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Gordon Muriel Flowerdew, VC was a Canadian officer who served with the Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) during the First World War. Born on January 2, 1885 in Norfolk, England Flowerdew attended Framlingham College as a young boy and worked on his father's farm after graduation. At the turn of the century, Flowerdew emigrated to western Canada and eventually ended up in the small town of Walhachin, British Columbia where he operated two different small businesses, and worked his hand at several different trades. In 1911 he joined the Canadian Army as a non-commissioned member of the 31st Regiment, British Columbia Horse, a unit within the Non-Permanent Active Militia where he would go on to distinguish himself within several militia competitions.

At the outbreak of World War I, Flowerdew joined the Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) and was appointed a lance corporal, serving with that unit for the duration of the war. By 1916, he had quickly risen through the enlisted ranks and was commissioned as an officer with the rank of lieutenant. In 1918 Flowerdew was made an Acting Captian and placed in charge of "C" Company of Lord Strathcona's Horse. On March 30 of that year Flowerdew took part in the Battle of Moreuil Wood, which was part of the much larger Spring Offensive of the German Empire, and led his cavalrymen in what has since been referred to as “The Last Great Cavalry Charge”.  The cavalry charge, which some have credited with halting the entire German advance during the Spring Offensive, eventually broke the lines of the defending Germans; the victory, though, cost the Strathcona's nearly seventy percent of "C" Company's strength and also resulted in Flowerdew being mortally wounded. Flowerdew was moved west of Moreuil Wood to an Allied clearing station to have his wounds treated, but passed away the following day on March 31. For his actions in leading the men of Lord Strathcona's Horse in a cavalry charge during the Battle of Moreuil Wood, Flowerdew was recommended for, and posthumously awarded, the Victoria Cross. Read more…

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Canadian military history books

Cover of The Patrol
Canada’s most famous regiments—such as the Vandoos, the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry, the Hasty P’s—are well known to many of us, but what is less known is how Canada’s regiments have shaped and been shaped by our military past. Beginning with Iroquois war bands and the arrival in 1665 of the Régiment Carignan- Salières—“The Good Regiment” dispatched by Louis XIV to the colony of New France—Bercuson recounts a proud history that extends through the War of 1812 and the Fenian Raids to the Boer War. He tracks the regiments of the First World War and the development of the modern regimental system, through to the Second World War and the Korean War. Finally, he investigates the peacekeeping years to the current operations in Afghanistan.
— From The Fighting Canadians by David Bercuson
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Soldiers of the 46th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, CEF in June 1916

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The 46th (Queen's) Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, CEF was a unit of Canadian artillery that was mobilized in the Kingston, Ontario region and saw action throughout the majority of World War I until 1917 when its members were absorbed into other batteries. Recruited mainly from students of Queen's University, but also consisting of students from the University of British Columbia, it was formed under the command of Major L.W. Gill of the Department of Electrical Engineering. The 46th Battery moved into barracks in November of 1915, and by early 1916 were on their way to England for further training. In July of that year the 46th arrived in France and was assigned to the 11th Brigade, 3rd Canadian Divisional Artillery. The unit ceased to exist 24 March 1917; remaining personnel were then transferred to batteries of 9th Brigade. The 46th Battery was officially disbanded by General Order 191 of 1 November 1920.

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About Duty & Valour

Duty & Valour is a project whose goal is to document and record the centuries-long history of the Canadian military. Initially founded as a personal blog in 2002, Duty & Valour has since expanded to include numerous other faculties, including the wiki, a large following on Twitter, and a growing community on Facebook. Through our continued efforts, we aspire to carry on the tradition of honouring all deeds, both large and small, found within Canada's military past. We hope that you choose to join the effort.

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